Interfacing an AD keypad module to your Wemos

I purchased this module as part of a microcontroller kit, its an interesting little module as it has 16 buttons but with only 1 I/O line is required, an analog input. You connect this to your Wemos and read in the value.

The concept is straightforward  you use a resistor network as voltage dividers, and then let each button feed a different voltage to the analog pin. So by detecting the voltage you can tell which button has been pressed. You can only detect one button at a time

A_D-Keypad-2

Here is the schematic of the module, hopefully you can see what I described earlier

AD-Keypad-Schematic-1024x723

Code

I put in a slight delay to try and compensate for bounce on the key press which would result in multiple values returned

#define KEYPAD_PIN 0
 
// milliseconds to wait, to make sure key is pressed
#define TIME_TO_WAIT 200
 
void setup()
{
    Serial.begin(9600);
}
 
void loop() {
  // put your main code here, to run repeatedly:
    int reading1 = analogRead(KEYPAD_PIN);
    // waiting
    delay(TIME_TO_WAIT);
    // reading 2nd time - to make sure key is pressed
    int reading2 = analogRead(KEYPAD_PIN);
    if(reading2 <= 1000)
    {
      Serial.println(reading2);
    }
}

Output

Pressing the keys from K0 to K16 outputted the following in the serial monitor

6
71
138
205
267
330
397
464
527
591
658
717
779
843
910
972

So using a switch case you can use this module in your own examples, best practice would be to have a high and low value and check between the range

 

Links
AD Keypad 16 4×4 Accessory board matrix buttons controlled ADC AD port keyboard

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