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PCA9685 LED controller and ESP8266 example

In this example we connect a PCA9685 LED controller to an ESP8266

The PCA9685 is an I²C-bus controlled 16-channel LED controller optimized for Red/Green/Blue/Amber (RGBA) color backlighting applications. Each LED output has its own 12-bit resolution (4096 steps) fixed frequency individual PWM controller that operates at a programmable frequency from a typical of 24 Hz to 1526 Hz with a duty cycle that is adjustable from 0 % to 100 % to allow the LED to be set to a specific brightness value. All outputs are set to the same PWM frequency.

Each LED output can be off or on (no PWM control), or set at its individual PWM controller value. The LED output driver is programmed to be either open-drain with a 25 mA current sink capability at 5 V or totem pole with a 25 mA sink, 10 mA source capability at 5 V. The PCA9685 operates with a supply voltage range of 2.3 V to 5.5 V and the inputs and outputs are 5.5 V tolerant. LEDs can be directly connected to the LED output (up to 25 mA, 5.5 V) or controlled with external drivers and a minimum amount of discrete components for larger current or higher voltage LEDs.

 

Parts List

 

Name Link
ESP8266 D1 mini – Mini NodeMcu 4M bytes Lua WIFI Internet of Things development board based ESP8266 by WeMos
PCA9685 module 1pc PCA9685 16-Channel 12-bit PWM Servo motor Driver I2C Module For Arduino
Connecting cable Free shipping Dupont line 120pcs 20cm male to male + male to female and female to female jumper wire

 

Layout

This example only shows one led connected, my test board had all 16 connected – ideally the PCA9685 board should be externally powered

esp8266 and PCA9685

esp8266 and PCA9685

 

Code

You will need to add the Adafruit PWM Servo driver library – https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit-PWM-Servo-Driver-Library/archive/master.zip

This is the default code, I commented out a couple of lines so this would compile for the ESP32

 

#include <Wire.h>
#include <Adafruit_PWMServoDriver.h>
 
// called this way, it uses the default address 0x40
Adafruit_PWMServoDriver pwm = Adafruit_PWMServoDriver();
 
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.println("16 channel PWM test!");
  pwm.begin();
  pwm.setPWMFreq(1600);  // This is the maximum PWM frequency
 
  // save I2C bitrate
  //uint8_t twbrbackup = TWBR;
  // must be changed after calling Wire.begin() (inside pwm.begin())
  //TWBR = 12; // upgrade to 400KHz!
 
}
 
void loop() {
  // Drive each PWM in a 'wave'
  for (uint16_t i=0; i<4096; i += 8) 
  {
    for (uint8_t pwmnum=0; pwmnum < 16; pwmnum++) 
    {
      pwm.setPWM(pwmnum, 0, (i + (4096/16)*pwmnum) % 4096 );
    }
  }
}

 

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