ESP8266 and BMM150 digital geomagnetic sensor example

In this article we look at a digital geomagnetic sensor – this time its the BMM150 and as usual we will connect this to a Wemos Mini

Lets look at the manufacturers blurb about this sensor

Description

BMM150 is a low power and low noise 3-axis digital geomagnetic sensor to be used in compass applications. The 12-pin wafer level chip scale package (WLCSP) with a footprint of 1.56 x 1.56 mm² and 0.60 mm height provides highest design flexibility to the developer of mobile devices.

Applications like virtual reality or gaming on mobile devices such as mobile phones, tablet PCs or portable media players require 9-axis inertial sensing including magnetic heading information. Due to the stable performance over a large temperature range, the BMM150 is also especially suited for supporting drones in accurate heading.

BMM150 can be used with an inertial measurement unit (IMU) consisting of a 3-axis accelerometer and a 3-axis gyroscope like Bosch Sensortec’s BMI055.

 

Features

Parameter Technical data
Package CSWLP- (12 pin)
1.56×1.56×0.6 mm³
0.4 mm diagonal ball pitch
Temperature range -40°C … +85°C
Digital interfaces I²C and SPI
(2 interrupt pins)
Resolution 0.3μT
Supply voltage VDD: 1.62V to 3.6V
VDDIO: 1.2V to 3.6V
Zero-B offset ±50μT
Non-linearity <1% FS
Magnetic range typ. ±1300μT (x,y-axis)
±2500μT (z-axis)
Average current consumption 170 μA (low power preset)
500 μA (normal mode)
Interrupts New data, magnetic threshold high / low

Parts Required

You can pick up all these parts for about $5

Name Link
Wemos Mini D1 mini – ESP8266 by WeMos
BMM150 BMM150 Geomagnetic Sensor Breakout Board
Connecting wire Free shipping Dupont line 120pcs 20cm male to male + male to female and female to female jumper wire

Schematic/Connection

Nothing complex here, just remember to use 3.3v

esp8266 and bmm150
esp8266 and bmm150

 

Code Example

This uses the library from https://github.com/Seeed-Studio/Grove_3_Axis_Compass_V2.0_BMM150

This is the default example which worked just fine

#include <Arduino.h>
#include <Wire.h>
// libraries
#include "bmm150.h"
#include "bmm150_defs.h"
 
BMM150 bmm = BMM150();
 
void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600);
 
  if(bmm.initialize() == BMM150_E_ID_NOT_CONFORM) 
  {
    Serial.println("Chip ID can not read!");
    while(1);
  } 
  else 
  {
    Serial.println("Initialize done!");
  }
 
}
 
void loop()
{
  bmm150_mag_data value;
  bmm.read_mag_data();
 
  value.x = bmm.raw_mag_data.raw_datax;
  value.y = bmm.raw_mag_data.raw_datay;
  value.z = bmm.raw_mag_data.raw_dataz;
 
  float xyHeading = atan2(value.x, value.y);
  float zxHeading = atan2(value.z, value.x);
  float heading = xyHeading;
 
  if(heading < 0)
  heading += 2*PI;
  if(heading > 2*PI)
  heading -= 2*PI;
  float headingDegrees = heading * 180/M_PI;
  float xyHeadingDegrees = xyHeading * 180 / M_PI;
  float zxHeadingDegrees = zxHeading * 180 / M_PI;
 
  Serial.print("Heading: ");
  Serial.println(headingDegrees);
 
  delay(100);
}

 

Output

Open the serial monitor and you should see something like this – I was moving the module around. If you tie this up with an LCD you could make a digital compass – in fact that sounds a good idea for another article

Heading: 60.49
Heading: 56.58
Heading: 53.62
Heading: 37.93
Heading: 37.98
Heading: 38.95
Heading: 39.45
Heading: 42.31
Heading: 36.98
Heading: 18.60
Heading: 10.92
Heading: 355.60
Heading: 348.37
Heading: 351.50
Heading: 352.01
Heading: 29.29
Heading: 64.44

 

Links

https://ae-bst.resource.bosch.com/media/_tech/media/datasheets/BST-BMM150-DS001.pdf

https://github.com/BoschSensortec/BMM150-Sensor-API

 

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